Sleep deficiency can arise from sleep deprivation or from specific sleep disorders. Certain groups of people are more at risk of sleep deprivation and include; shift workers, those having long work hours or multiple jobs, school attendees with early schedules, alcohol /drug users among many others.
Studies have showed that people with sleep deprivation or sleep disorders are at a high risk of getting involved in road traffic accidents that can be fatal or cause life- long disabilities. They also have a high risk of developing the following diseases;
- Heart diseases and heart failure
- High blood pressure
- Depression and mood disorders
- Poor memory
- Erectile dysfunction